SOX audio tool Quick Reference Guide
generate file
Generate 1 second of white noise.
sox n output.wav synth 1 noise
Generate a 1second sine tone.
sox n output.wav synth 1 sine 440
Generate a 10second sine sweep.
sox n output.wav synth 10 sine 0:20000
Exponential sine sweep
sox n r 44100 sinesweep.wav synth 10 sine 5/22050
play
Play synthesized audio.
play n synth sine 440 trim 0 1 gain 12
Play sine verbose 24 bits /=exponential
play V n b 24 r 48000 synth 10 sine 20/20000
And then ARTA:
Fs (Hz): 192000 FFT: 4096 Wnd: FlatTop Avg: Peak Hold
calibration tones
Play 30 tones at once, for frequency adjustment of equipment etc.
play r 192000 V n synth 300 sin 20 sin 25 sin 31.5 sin 40 sin 50 sin 63 sin 80 sin 100 sin 125 sin 160 sin 200 sin 250 sin 315 sin 400 sin 500 sin 630 sin 800 sin 1000 sin 1250 sin 1600 sin 2000 sin 2500 sin 3150 sin 4000 sin 5000 sin 6300 sin 8000 sin 10000 sin 12500 sin 16000 sin 20000 remix 131 131
where:
192000 is the samplerate, if your card supports it
300 is number of seconds
 This results in the following spectrum:
If you want to generate the file yourself, use:
sox r 192000 V n "31 frequencies.flac" synth 300 sin 20 sin 25 sin 31.5 sin 40 sin 50 sin 63 sin 80 sin 100 sin 125 sin 160 sin 200 sin 250 sin 315 sin 400 sin 500 sin 630 sin 800 sin 1000 sin 1250 sin 1600 sin 2000 sin 2500 sin 3150 sin 4000 sin 5000 sin 6300 sin 8000 sine 10000 sin 12500 sin 16000 sin 20000 remix 131 131
It will create a 300seconds FLAC file with the 31 tones called "31 frequencies.flac"
modify
Reduce level by 12dB
sox speech.wav output.wav gain 12
Crop to the first 1 second of the file.
sox speech.wav output.wav trim 0 1
Reverse the contents.
sox speech.wav output.wav reverse
Normalise the contents to 0dBFS.
sox speech.wav output.wav norm
Equaliser (6dB @ 100Hz, 24dB @ 8000Hz)
sox speech.wav output.wav bass 6 100 treble 24 8000
Add room modelling reverb.
sox speech.wav output.wav reverb 50 50 100
Trim digital silence from start and end.
sox input.wav trimmed/output.wav silence 1 0.1 0 1 0.1 0

sox infile outfile gain n
normalises to 0dB, and
sox infile outfile gain n 3
normalises to 3dB.
effects
chorus effect: A typical delay is around 40ms to 60ms; the modulation speed is best near 0.25Hz and the modulation depth around 2ms. For example, a single delay:
play guitar1.wav chorus 0.7 0.9 55 0.4 0.25 2 t
Two delays of the original samples:
play guitar1.wav chorus 0.6 0.9 50 0.4 0.25 2 t 60 0.32 0.4 1.3 s
A fuller sounding chorus (with three additional delays):
play guitar1.wav chorus 0.5 0.9 50 0.4 0.25 2 t 60 0.32 0.4 2.3 t 40 0.3 0.3 1.3 s
compand
The following example might be used to make a piece of music with both quiet and loud passages suitable for listening to in a noisy environment such as a moving vehicle:
sox asz.wav aszcar.wav compand 0.3,1 6:70,60,20 5 90 0.2
The transfer function (`6:70,...') says that very soft sounds (below 70dB) will remain unchanged. This will stop the compander from boosting the volume on `silent' passages such as between movements.
However, sounds in the range 60dB to 0dB (maximum volume) will be boosted so that the 60dB dynamic range of the original music will be compressed 3to1 into a 20dB range, which is wide enough to enjoy the music but narrow enough to get around the road noise.
The `6:' selects 6dB softknee companding. The 5 (dB) output gain is needed to avoid clipping (the number is inexact, and was derived by experimentation).
The 90 (dB) for the initial volume will work fine for a clip that starts with near silence, and the delay of 0.2 (seconds) has the effect of causing the compander to react a bit more quickly to sudden volume changes.
general
multithreaded  singlethreaded
By default, SoX is `single threaded'. If the multithreaded option is given however then SoX will process audio channels for most multichannel effects in parallel on hyperthreading/multi core architectures. This may reduce processing time, though sometimes it may be necessary to use this option in conjuction with a larger buffer size than is the default to gain any benefit from multithreaded processing (e.g. 131072; see buffer above).